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Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums surrounding your teeth. Gum disease is one of the top reasons for tooth loss in adults, and because it is virtually pain-free, many patients do not know they have the disease.
During each regular checkup, your dental hygienist will check for signs of periodontal disease. Our team will do this by measuring the space between your teeth and gums. Research has recently shown a correlation between periodontal disease and chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and osteoporosis.
Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque (a sticky form of bacteria that forms on the teeth). If the plaque is not removed (by flossing, brushing, and regular dental checkups), it will continue to build up and create toxins that can damage the gums. Periodontal disease forms just below the gum line and creates small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. Periodontal disease has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.
Certain factors can increase a patient’s risk of developing periodontal disease, including:
While it is possible to have periodontal disease and not know it, some symptoms can include:
Treatments for gum disease can vary depending on the severity of each individual case. Typical treatments include:
Regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are important for maintaining your health and the health of your smile. You don’t have to lose teeth to periodontal disease, and by practicing good oral hygiene at home, you can significantly reduce your chances of ever getting gum disease. Remember to brush regularly, clean between your teeth, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits to help keep your smile healthy.
If you are looking for gum disease treatment in Lincoln, Nebraska, call us at (402) 205-0403. We are passionate about helping patients achieve optimal oral health!